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Identifying causes and symptoms of stimulant-induced psychosis

Identifying causes and symptoms of stimulant-induced psychosis

Psychosis is a mental condition in which an individual perceives things in a way which is different from reality. It is a condition that  arises as a result of other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or depression. An individual facing a psychotic episode deals with two major symptoms:  hallucinations (viewing or hearing things that are different from reality) and delusions ( believing things that are not true and for which there is no evidence) along with an array of other symptoms.

Apart from the mental health conditions, psychosis can also be triggered by various stimulants and the condition is known as stimulant psychosis. It is a disorder that occurs in individuals who abuse psychostimulants and also those who are receiving therapeutic treatment of stimulant drugs under medical supervision. The two most common drugs that are associated with this condition are amphetamines and cocaine.

Causes of stimulant psychosis

It is known that using a stimulant at a particularly high dosage can lead to stimulant psychosis. However, several other factors can also cause this condition:

  1. Genetics and neurochemistry: Dopamine, a neurotransmitter that regulates emotional responses, along with a number of other chemicals in the human brain influence this condition. An individual with abnormalities related to the level of dopamine and contributing genetic factors is likely to be diagnosed with this condition.
  1. Drug dosage: Although there are a number of drugs that cause psychosis, the effect created by each of these varies depending upon the quantity taken by the individual. The duration for which the drug has been taken also has a bearing. It should be remembered that the longer the duration the more severe its effects.
  1. Stress: Opting for stimulants during times of stress increases the chances of stimulant psychosis. This is because stress releases a number of hormones in the nervous system such as cortisol, epinephrine and other stimulants. chemicals. Taking an additional stimulant can increase the chance of psychosis.
  1. Sleep deprivation: Inability to get quality sleep disturbs the level of neurotransmitters such as dopamine in the  brain. Overexposure to the drugs also disturbs the receptor concentrations. Ingesting stimulants increases the chances of stimulant psychosis.
  1. Mental health issues: An individual who is already experiencing some form of mental illness like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder is at a higher risk for stimulant psychosis.

Symptoms of stimulant-induced psychosis

There is no generalized list of symptoms of stimulant psychosis as these vary from person to person and are based on the type of drug and the duration for which a person is exposed to it. However, there are a few symptoms that are often noticed in individuals who are diagnosed with this condition:

  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Inappropriate social interaction
  • Disorganized thinking
  • Aggression
  • Agitation
  • Diarrhea
  • Hypertension
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sleep disorder

Treatment for stimulant-induced psychosis

Medications and therapy given under the supervision of a clinician can treat the condition. A typical antipsychotic can help a great deal in treating stimulant-induced psychosis. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of the symptoms related to the condition, it is time to seek help. The Florida Dual Diagnosis Helpline can assist you with some comprehensive detox programs in Florida. You may call  our 24/7 helpline number 866-337-7631 or chat online with our staff to learn about the best dual diagnosis treatment centers in Florida.